Brian J Gaines

Section 1

Brian J Gaines

Professor of Political Science
European Union Center

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Contact Information


Brian J. Gaines is a professor at the University of Illinois, with appointments in the Department of Political Science and at the Institute of Government and Public Affairs. He received a BA with honors from the University of British Columbia and AM and PhD degrees from Stanford University, where he was also the playing president of the ice hockey club. Most of his research deals with elections, electoral rules, and public opinion. With Wendy Cho and Jake Bowers, he co-edited the Political Methodologist from 2010-2013. From 2011 to 2015, he was the editor of American Politics Research. Between 2005 and 2007, he completed marathons on all seven continents.


  • BA (honours): UBC, 1988
  • AM: Stanford, 1989
  • PhD: Stanford, 1995


Book Contributions

  • Gaines, Brian J., and James H. Kuklinski. "A Possible Next Frontier in Political Communication Research: Merging the Old with the New." Oxford Handbook of American Public Opinion and the Media. Ed. Robert Y. Shapiro and Lawrence R. Jacobs. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2011. 43-58.
  • Gaines, Brian J., and James H. Kuklinski. "Treatment Effects." Cambridge Handbook of Experimental Political Science. Ed. James N. Druckman, Donald P. Green, James H. Kuklinski, and Arthur Lupia. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press, 2011. 445-458.
  • Gaines, Brian J. "Compact Risk: Some Downsides to Establishing National Plurality Presidential Elections." Electoral College Reform: Challenges and Possibilities. Ed. Gary Bugh. Farnham: Ashgate, 2010. 113-126.
  • Gaines, Brian J. "Does the United Kingdom Obey Duverger's Law?" Duverger's Law of Plurality Voting: The Logic of Party Competition in Canada, India, the United Kingdom and the United States. Ed. Bernard Grofman, Shaun Bowler, and Andre Blais. New York, NY: Springer, 2009. 115-134.
  • Gaines, Brian J., and Peter F. Nardulli. "International Perspectives on Democracy in the Twenty-First Century." International Perspectives on Contemporary Democracy. Champaign, IL: University of Illinois Press, 2008. 1-10.
  • Gaines, Brian J., and Brian D. Roberts. "Gubernatorial Incapacity and Succession Provisions." The Book of the States. Ed. Keon S. Chi. Lexington, KY: Council of State Governments, 2005. 208-214.

Journal Articles

  • Burden, Barry C., and Brian J. Gaines. "Absentee and Early Voting: Weighing the Costs of Convenience." Election Law Journal 14.1 (2015): 32-37.
  • Gaines, Brian J., and Rein Taagepera. "More on Measuring Two-Party Competition." Journal of Elections, Public Opinion, and Parties 24.3 (2014): 386-392.
  • Gaines, Brian J., and Rein Taagepera. "How To Operationalize Two-Party Competition." Journal of Elections, Public Opinion, and Parties 23.4 (2013): 387-404.
  • Gaines, Brian J., Timothy P. Nokken, and Collin Groebe. "Is Four Twice as Nice as Two? A Natural Experiment on the Electoral Effects of Legislative Term Length." State Politics and Policy Quarterly 12.1 (2012): 43-57.
  • Gaines, Brian J., and James H. Kuklinski. "Experimental Estimation of Heterogeneous Treatment Effects Related to Self-Selection." American Journal of Political Science 55.3 (2011): 724-736.
  • Gaines, Brian J., and Jeffery A. Jenkins. "Apportionment Matters: Fair Representation in the House and Electoral College." Perspectives on Politics 7.4 (2009): 847-855.
  • Dyck, Joshua J., Brian J. Gaines, and Daron R. Shaw. "The Effect of Local Political Context on How Americans Vote." American Politics Research 37.6 (2009): 216-231.
  • Gaines, Brian J., and Jeffery J. Mondak. "Typing Together? Clustering of Ideological Types in Online Social Networks." Journal of Information Technology and Politics 6.3-4 (2009): 216-231.
  • Gaines, Brian J., James H. Kuklinski, Paul J. Quirk, Buddy Peyton, and Jay Verkuilen. "Interpreting Iraq: Partisanship and the Meaning of Facts." Journal of Politics 69.4 (2007): 957-974.
  • Cho, Wendy K., and Brian J. Gaines. "Breaking the (Benford) Law: Statistical Fraud Detection and Campaign Finance." The American Statistician 61.3 (2007): 218-223.
  • Gaines, Brian J., James H. Kuklinski, and Paul J. Quirk. "The Logic of the Survey Experiment Reexamined." Political Analysis 15.1 (2007): 1-20.
  • Gaines, Brian J., and Wendy K. Tam Cho. "On California’s 1920 Alien Land Law: The Psychology and Economics of Racial Discrimination." State Politics and Policy Quarterly 4.3 (2004): 271-293.
  • Gaines, Brian J., and Christophe Crombez. "Another Look at Connections Across German Elections." Journal of Theoretical Politics 16.3 (2004): 289-319.
  • Cho, Wendy K., and Brian J. Gaines. "Reassessing the Study of Split-Ticket Voting." American Journal of Political Science 48.1 (2004): 152-171.

Newspaper Articles

Magazine Articles

  • Gaines, Brian J., and James H. Kuklinski. "To Gerrymander or Not? What Kind of Electoral Districts Does the Public Want?." Illinois Issues. 1 Sep. 2010: 30-33.
  • Gaines, Brian J., and Brianna K. Lawrence. "No Marks for Civility: Nastiness is Part of Politics, Past and Present." Illinois Issues. 1 May 2008: 28-30.
  • Gaines, Brian J. "Keep Them Separated?." Illinois Issues. 1 Jan. 2008: 19-21.
  • Gaines, Brian J. "Elect, Indict, Repeat: Will Democracy, Illinois Style, Every Change?." Illinois Issues. 1 Jan. 2007: 24-26.
  • Gaines, Brian J. "Gubernatorial Incapacity: A Review of Succession Provisions." Spectrum: The Journal of State Government. 1 Jan. 2005: 699-701.